What Led to the Fall of the Sikh Empire?

During ranjit singh the power of the sikhs was on climax.ranjit singh gave special attention to the organization of army he had built a state whose main base was army the main foundation of a military state is efficient leadership.after the death of ranjit singh the army become cause of dissolution of sikh Kingdome. After ranajit singh due to the weak successors all power went to the khalsa army.in the 5 yrs of the death of ranjit Singh the number of soldiers increased 3 times and salary was also increased and due to the decreasing income of the state this situation became unbearable. Soldiers formed their own Panchayats through them they start making important decisions like military campaigns,supporting the state's clamaint etc. thus due to the absence of skilled leadership basic power of state became the reason for decline of state. And other important reason for decline of sikh state was internal conspiracy. Thus the moral decline of army ,internal conspiracy,falling economic situation make sikh state a victim of the british policy of grab.

1. Are there any alternatives to a Netanyahu-led government in Israel and, if so, what are they?

Israel heads to the polls on March 17th, 2015, and Benjamin Netanyahu, though still the front-runner, appears to be vulnerable. I look at the challenge facing Labor, Netanyahu's main opposition, the Labor has governed Israel for only 8. Four elements are needed for Labor to win:1. The incumbent--Netanyahu--has to be vulnerable in his own right, which Netanyahu is.2. Labor needs to shift the debate toward the economy, where it has an electoral advantage. 3. Labor has to present a credible alternative on national security, it's electoral weakness, and4. Labor needs a credible leader to replace the incumbent. nFor the full post.

2. What tv to buy? LED or Plazma?

PLAZMAAAAAA!!(= WOOOOOHOOOOO!!

3. how to put led to indicate the signal is functioning

As Olin points out, it's hard to tell what you are really asking. I am going to assume that you want an indicator LED to light up whenever the optocoupler in ON. In that case, your circuit should look like the one below:The "limit switch", when closed, should tied the INPUT signal to 3. 3V and light up the indicator LED and the optocoupler's internal LED. The OUTPUT signal goes to an input of your PIC microcontroller.The value of the resistors will depend on the optocoupler and the LED you choose to use.

4. wiring multiple led flashlights to single power source [closed]

Let me start out with a summary of my understanding of the problem.The goal is to eliminate buying lots of batteries by centralizing the power source used for a system of between 15 and 30 lanterns, each separated by 30 feet, for a distance run that can be from 500 to 1000 feet long. These lanterns, in prior use, used a set of (3) AAA batteries and are very simple lanterns using one resistor of $22:Omega$ and (24) parallel-wired LEDs. (Parallel-wiring like that does not allow the LEDs to share current as well as they may, but it's how it was done and these are just lanterns so variations between the 24 LEDs is fine for this application.) Each lantern requires approximately:$$I_lantern=frac4.5:textrmV-2:textrmV22:Omegale 125:textrmmA$$Some options to consider:Well, those are some directions that could be used without needing to modify the lanterns. If you are open to completely new lantern designs, then there are still more options to consider.Since Passerby dragged my attention back here, might as well expose the computation for computing the voltage drop at the far-end of the line given periodic loads along a line. (I've no clue if there is a commonly used symbol for $fracOmega1000:textrmft$, so I am just calling it $k_wire$ for now. $D$ will be the total distance of the run. $N$ will be the number of periodic loads, which divide up the total distance into $N$ segments of wire. $I_load$ is the per-unit load. The first load is one segment downstream of the power source. The last load is at the very end.)$$beginalign* V_drop &= sum_i=1^N left[I_i=I_loadcdotleft(N-i1

ight)

ight]cdotleft[R_i=2cdotfrack_wirecdot D1000cdot N

ight] V_drop &= I_loadcdotleftcdotfrack_wirecdot D1000cdot N

ight] sum_i=1^N left(N-i1

ight) V_drop &= I_loadcdotleftcdotfrack_wirecdot D1000cdot N

ight]cdotleft[ sum_i=1^N N-sum_i=1^N isum_i=1^N1

ight] V_drop &= I_loadcdotleftcdotfrack_wirecdot D1000cdot N

ight]cdotleft[ N^2-sum_i=1^N iN

ight] V_drop &= I_loadcdotleftcdotfrack_wirecdot D1000cdot N

ight]cdotleft[ fracN^2N2

ight] V_drop &= left[I_total=I_loadcdotfracN12

ight]cdot left[R_total=2cdot k_wirecdotfracD1000

ight] endalign*$$This proves that it comes out very close to the natural presumption of using an average current that is one-half the total current (for large $N$) times the total wire resistance, out and back. But it never hurts to do the math to test common sense. (And to also see that it's not exactly the same, too.)

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Knowledge About Sandstone - Phillips County Carnegie Library of Sandstone
Phillips County Carnegie Library of sandstonePhillips County Carnegie Library is a Carnegie library on the National Register of Historic Places located in Malta, Montana. It was added to the Register on August 27, 1980. For a time, it was used as a museum interpreting local history.It was built of tan brick on a stone foundation in 1917. It is 34 by 62 feet (10m 19m) in plan, and has the words "Carnegie Library" carved in sandstone above its doorway.The public library moved to a new location in May 1978, and the local historical society then planned to use this building as a museum.------Acacia gnidium of sandstoneAcacia gnidium is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Phyllodineae that is native to parts of north eastern Australia.The shrub typically grows to a height of up to 4m (13ft) and has a dense and spreading habit.The shrub is found in Central Queensland from around Kroombit Tops National Park in the south east to around Springsure in the south west and up to around the White Mountains in the north where it is found on rugged rocky sandstone country as a part of scrub or Eucalyptus woodland communities.------Poet's Seat Tower of sandstoneCoordinates: 423541N 723511W / 42.5946N 72.5865W / 42.5946; -72.5865Poet's Seat Tower is a 1912 sandstone observation tower, located in Greenfield, Massachusetts. It was so named to honor a long tradition of poets being drawn to the spot, in particular, the local poet Frederick Goddard Tuckerman. By 1850, the location was referred to as "Poet's Seat" by Tuckerman in a surviving herbarium entry for November 10 of that year.An earlier wooden tower was erected at the site on June 3, 1879. This first structure was built, along with a public drinking fountain and a road accessing the site, under the auspices of The Greenfield Rural Club.------Hall Cliff of sandstoneHall Cliff (7159S 6837W / 71.983S 68.617W / -71.983; -68.617Coordinates: 7159S 6837W / 71.983S 68.617W / -71.983; -68.617) is a sandstone cliff 1 nautical mile (2km) long, located along the south side of Saturn Glacier and 1 nautical mile west of Citadel Bastion in eastern Alexander Island, Antarctica. The feature was mapped from trimetrogon air photography taken by the Ronne Antarctic Research Expedition, 194748, and from survey by the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey, 194850. It was named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee from association with Saturn Glacier after Asaph Hall, the American astronomer who contributed toward the study of Saturn and also discovered the satellites of the planet Mars..------Buffalo Public School No. 24 of sandstoneBuffalo Public School No. 24, also known as Public School 59, is a historic school building located in the Broadway-Fillmore neighborhood of Buffalo, Erie County, New York. The original section was built in 1901, and is a three-story, seven bay, "I"-shaped, red brick building over a raised basement with Renaissance Revival detailing. The building incorporates sandstone, terra cotta, and pressed metal details. It was the first school to offer special education within the City of Buffalo school system. The school has been redeveloped as an apartment building.It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2016.------Mynydd Meio of sandstoneMynydd Meio is a 322-metre-high hill in the county borough of Caerphilly in South Wales. Parts of its western slopes fall within Rhondda Cynon Taf county borough. Its eastern slopes drop away to Cwm yr Aber between Caerphilly and Abertridwr and its western slopes to the valley of the Taf. The high point is just over 200 m north of the trig point which sits at 322 metres (1,056ft) above sea-level.The hill is crossed by the Senghenydd Dyke, an ancient earthwork considered to date from the 13th century and associated with nearby Caerphilly Castle.------Searight's Fulling Mill of sandstoneSearight's Fulling Mill is a historic fulling mill located at Perryopolis, Fayette County, Pennsylvania, USA. It was built about 1810 and is a 2 1/2-story, sandstone building with a gable roof. It measures approximately 20 by 30 feet (6.1 by 9.1m). The mill closed in the 1820s and was converted to a dwelling.It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.The mill is named after William Searight, who built the mill on a farm previously owned by George Washington. Searight is credited for realizing that small fulling mills could not compete with city based factories served by railroads, and left the fulling business before his mills became unprofitable.------Jacob Spori Building of sandstoneThe Jacob Spori Building was a historic building located in Rexburg, Idaho listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was the first building built at the permanent location of Ricks College, a college founded in 1888 by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.It was built during 1900 to 1903. Its external walls were faced with ashlar, and were 51 inches (1.3m) at the foundation, 32 inches (0.81m) at the first floor windows, 28 inches (0.71m) at the second floor windows, and 24 inches (0.61m) at the third floor windows. Lighter colored sandstone was used for string courses encircling the building.The building was destroyed by a fire in 2000. A new Spori Building was built on the same site and in a similar style.------Old Greeley County Courthouse (Kansas) of sandstoneThe Old Greeley County Courthouse in Tribune, Kansas, is the former courthouse of Greeley County, Kansas. Built from 1889 to 1890, the courthouse was the first in Greeley County. Construction started only a year after the county was formed in 1888. William T. Heaps, who also designed Hamilton County's courthouse, designed the building. The sandstone courthouse has a plain design with an iron cornice. It was constructed by Allen and Oleson of Ness City, Kansas and William Ruff.In 1975, Greeley County replaced the courthouse with a new building adjacent to the old one. The old courthouse became the Greeley County Historical Society Museum.The courthouse was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976.------Ghoufi of sandstoneGhoufi, also known as the Rhoufi, Balconies of Ghoufi and Ghoufi Canyon, is a historic settlement in the village of T'kout in Batna Province, Algeria. These ruins are located in the Aures Mountains and Abiod Valley. The Balconies of Ghoufi overlook an oasis.The Ghoufi balcony ruins include troglodyte homes or domesticated cave dwellings. The homes are carved out of metamorphic and sedimentary rocks, including sandstone. The home are four centuries old and were inhabited until the 1970s. The ruins preserve traditional and indigenous construction methods.Ghoufi is included as part of the Parc des Aurs on UNESCO's Tentative List of World Heritage Sites.------Brindley Mountain of sandstoneBrindlee Mountain (or "Brindley Mountain") is an isolated portion of the Appalachian Plateau in northern Alabama. It occupies significant portions of Cullman, Morgan, and Marshall Counties and extends into Winston and Lawrence counties. The plateau is formed by a sandstone cap-rock overlying limestone. The main mountain sits south of Lacey's Spring and houses communities such as Union Hill and Morgan City as well as parts of Union Grove and spans into Arab also. U.S. Route 231 runs over Brindlee Mountain. The highest point of Brindlee Mountain rests in Morgan City.Several radio stations have broadcast towers located on Brindley Mountain. Those include, WRSA, WTAK, WZZN, WAFN, WRJL, & WRAB------Access of sandstoneMinor roads ascend the slopes of the hill from Ferndale, Ynysybwl and Pontypridd converging at the elevated hamlet of Llanwonno. Various other public rights of way cross the hill though none reaches its summit. Route 47 of the National Cycle Network runs the length of the hill on its eastern side ascending via the minor road from Pontypridd to Llanwonno and then continuing northwest on forest tracks to join the A4233 above Maerdy. Those areas of forestry in the ownership of Natural Resources Wales (successor to Forestry Commission Wales in 2013) are open to public access, as are some areas of open moorland by virtue of the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000.------Calytrix glutinosa of sandstoneCalytrix glutinosa is a species of plant in the myrtle family Myrtaceae that is endemic to Western Australia.The shrub typically grows to a height of 0.2 to 1 metre (1 to 3ft). It usually blooms between August and December producing white-pink-purple star-shaped flowers.Found on hillsides and among granite outcrops in the Mid West and Wheatbelt regions extending into the Swan Coastal Plain of Western Australia where it grows on sandy or clay soils over granite, laterite and sandstone.The species was first formally described by the botanist John Lindley in 1839 in the work A Sketch of the Vegetation of the Swan River Colony. The only synonym is Calycothrix glutinosa, described in 1843 by Johannes Conrad Schauer in the work Monographia Myrtacearum Xerocarpicarum.------Steinsfjorden of sandstoneSteinsfjorden is a branch of the lake Tyrifjorden located in Buskerud, Norway. It has a length of about eight kilometers, stretching from the sound Kroksund at Sundvollen northwards to sa, in the municipalities of Ringerike and Hole. At the eastern side are steep cliffs towards Krokskogen.At the western side of Steinsfjorden is Stein Grd, the largest farm in Buskerud. The ruins of Stein Church (Stein kirkeruin) are located on Stein Grd. The church was constructed during the latter half of the 1100s of sandstone and limestone from the area. By the second half of the 1500s, the church was no longer actively used.------Arkansas Valley National Bank of sandstoneThe Arkansas Valley National Bank, constructed in 1902, is a two-story, 30 feet x 90 feet sandstone structure located in Pawnee, Oklahoma. Constructed in a Late Victorian architectural style, it was Pawnee's original bank. When the building opened, the bank occupied the first floor, while a doctor, photographer, and local telephone office occupied the second floor. The bank closed around 1918, and the building has served as various storefronts since.Originally the bank was to be called the Pawnee County Bank, and this name is engraved on the east wall; however it was chartered as the Arkansas Valley National Bank. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.The building's facade was heavily damaged in a 5.8-magnitude earthquake on September 3, 2016.------Description of sandstoneThe glabrous and resinous shrub typically grows to a height of up to 3m (9.8ft) and has a spreading habit. It has slender, prominently ribbed branchlets. Like most species of Acacia it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. The flat, thick and evergreen phyllodes have a linear shape and are 6 to 22mm (0.24 to 0.87in) in length and 0.7 to 1.1mm (0.028 to 0.043in) wide and are straight or slightly decurved at the apex with one prominent vein on each face. When it blooms it produced simple inflorescences occur singly in the axils and have spherical flower-heads containing 30 to 35 yellow coloured flowers..------Rich Mountain (ArkansasOklahoma) of sandstoneRich Mountain is the second highest point of the U.S. Interior Highlands and Ouachita Mountains, and in the U.S. state of Arkansas; it is also the site of Queen Wilhelmina State Park. Rich Mountain is a long, generally eastwest-trending ridge composed of hard sandstone. It is located just outside of Mena, Arkansas and is intersected by the Arkansas-Oklahoma border. Atop its summit is the Rich Mountain Lookout Tower, which is approximately 2.4mi (3.9km) east-southeast of the Queen Wilhelmina Lodge.Arkansas State Highway 88 and Oklahoma State Highway 1, collectively known as the Talimena Scenic Drive, traverse the entire top of Rich Mountain and provide excellent vistas of the surrounding Ouachita Mountains.------Sulphur Creek (Utah) of sandstoneSulphur Creek is a slot canyon canyoneering route found in Capitol Reef National Park in the state of Utah. It is a 6.25 mile hike one way and has been categorized by the state of Utah as an easy hiking trail. The canyon contains waterfalls, pools, overhangs and red sandstone, and a shallow stream that runs through it year-round. The route begins from the Chimney Rock trailhead and ends at the Visitor Center. The rocks at Sulphur Creek are some of the oldest exposed rocks in Capitol Reef.Sulphur Creek confluences with the Fremont River at the town of Fruita, Utah, located within Capitol Reef National Park.
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