During Swimming How to Overcome Fear of Water?

Watch "Open Water" before you go swimming

1. Is Your Drinking Water Safe?

This post may contain affiliate links. For more information see our disclosures here . In Flint, Michigan, as many as 12,000 children were exposed to drinking water contaminated with high levels of lead that may cause any of many serious health problems. In addition, the drinking water may be the reason for an outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in the county that killed 10 people and affected another 77. In this article, we look at water quality issues, how to test your drinking water, typical contaminants, and more. It includes a link to our unbiased Water Filters Buying Guide. Do Not Count On the Law For the public's protection, Congress enacted the Clean Water Drinking Act in 1974 and strengthened it in 1986, setting minimum water quality standards for most homeowners. Unfortunately, there is no guarantee that all water utilities comply with the regulations, all testing is not necessarily accurate, and not all known contaminants are on the list. Enforcement is difficult on national, state, and local levels. And, because of decreases in the budget of the EPA's drinking water office and state drinking-water budgets since 2006, protection of public health are at risk. Theoretically, our biggest water suppliers-large metropolitan systems-have the best drinking water because they have the equipment and resources for frequent, mandated testing (the frequency of testing depends on the number of people served). Also, with major utilities, when something goes wrong, they are required to notify their customers. Unfortunately, this did not happen in Flint. Well water is another story. Systems that serve fewer than 25 people or 15 service connections are regulated only by state and local laws or by their owners. Unless issued by your local health department, "free home water testing" offers are usually a come-on to get you to buy water-treatment devices after a couple of carefully staged tests. Independent lab testing. The best way to tell if your water does or does not have harmful pollutants is to have it tested by an independent lab (see below). You must test for each type of pollutant separately. If you get your water from a municipal utility, quality can change daily, so most tests are of marginal value (and usually unnecessary). Nevertheless, it may be a good idea to check for lead because lead can leach into the water from old lead-based plumbing-that's what happened in Flint, Michigan. Get on the phone. You can also discover plenty of information without testing. Call your health department or water supplier and request copies of water-treatment reports and note any violations. Find out the frequency and scope of the tests. Ask whether your area is known for any particular hazards, especially those that might enter water between the treatment plant and your tap. If you have a well, at the very least check it once for mineral content, lead, and radon (where radon is a threat) and once or twice a year for bacteria and nitrates. It may handle certain tests, such as bacterial testing. A partial chemical test that will detect magnesium, calcium, sodium, iron, fluoride, chloride, and nitrates is usually relatively affordable. To test for chemicals such as solvents, pesticides, and petroleum products can be very expensive because each requires its own test. How to get an independent lab test. Find an independent testing lab by asking your water utility or your state health department for a recommendation or checking "Laboratories" in the telephone directory or on the Internet. This will include proper supplies and instructions for collecting a sample, which you mail to the testing lab. If you have a well, be sure to get a well water test kit. A lead-only test costs about $35; a comprehensive test for bacteria, organics, and inorganics runs $137 to$167. Some filter makers offer this service, too. For example, you can call the GE Answer Center (800-626-2000) and request a water test kit and information on GE's SmartWater line of filters and treatment devices. Once you have reports or test results, compare them with the EPA's maximum allowable contaminant levels. (For a free copy of these listings, go to www.epa.gov or call the EPA's National Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 800-426-4791.) Note any pollutants that exceed federal standards. Record these, and then use this list to select an appropriate water-treatment device. When you compare results, note any pollutants that exceed federal standards. Record these and then use this list to select an appropriate water treatment device. What Might Be In The Water? Aesthetic water problems come from otherwise harmless contaminants that affect the color, odor, and taste of water. Such substances are chlorine, sulfur, iron, and manganese. These problems are usually easy to deal with using a conventional activated carbon filter. But if your drinking water contains dangerous levels of other pollutants, you will need to choose a water-treatment technology that is appropriate for eliminating the toxins. For the sake of discussion, it's easiest to group toxic pollutants into four categories: organic chemicals, inorganic chemicals, radionuclides, and microbiological organisms. Organic chemicals include solvents, pesticides, synthetics, resins, and other manmade chemicals known as volatile organic chemicals (VOCs). VOCs are often linked to cancer and/or nervous system, liver, and kidney disorders. A particularly nasty compound, trihalomethane (THM), can be created after water has left a treatment plant and the chlorine reacts with decaying animal and plant matter, creating chloroform, a suspected carcinogen. Inorganic chemicals include nitrates and nitrites, asbestos, fluoride, and metals such as arsenic, mercury, and-the most notorious-lead. Many of these occur as natural mineral deposits. Some, such as copper and lead, leach into water as it travels through pipes and treatment by your water utility does not remove them. Nitrates and nitrites are produced by industry or farming. Inorganic chemicals are linked to a variety of health problems. Lead is known to cause brain damage and is particularly toxic to infants and pregnant women. Pre-1930s plumbing in some areas utilized lead pipes, and solder used to join copper piping in homes before 1986 has a lead content of about 50%. Radon gas, the most common radionuclide, occurs naturally in a number of regions, including Western mountain states and parts of the Northeast. The EPA estimates that up to 17 million people may have water with excessive levels of radon, which can enter the air through showers and steam. Microbiological contaminants, including protozoa, bacteria, and viruses, are normally killed by chlorination and treatment. Cysts, such as cryptosporidium and giardia, are more resistant to municipal treatment. Normally, bacterial pollution problems occur only when water treatment breaks down or if a home's water supply is tainted by waste. Cyst problems tend to occur during times of heavy storm runoff.

2. If fish can't see water how can they tell the difference between air and water so they don't accidentally beach themselves?

Fish can feel, right? And they have an air balast. The water is thicker and they have to get O2 from it. Stick your head in under water. You can not see air but if you breath , I Dont think it will take you long to figure out that you were made to live above water and fish. And fish were made to stay in water. All this baloney about man coming from the ocean millions of years ago, adapting to the theoretical , supposed, environment of that supposed time. Is just that. Baloney. There is no way all this life on this planet developed from 1 Or several accidents. If life was that easy to start we would be able to document new types of life happening all around us every year or at least in the life of a few generations. No one singing a song about different organisms. And even if they do how do they know that said NEW life has just been over looked.In reguards to fish out of water. Dont you think a fish knowes it's not suppose to be on the dry ground? Otherwise why flop around ? To maybe get back into the normal environment from where the fish came from? Good answer.

3. How do I clear up cloudy water in a fresh water fish tank?

two things would work, get a filter or wash the tank and next time u put new water in it make sure its not direct from the tap, let it sit out in a jug for a while becuase the chemicals in pure tap water will kill fishies and "cloud" up the water, your local pet supplies place should carry a certain thing that distilles water.

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