CD-12 CANDIDATES SQUARE OFF AT TOWN HALL

DISCLAIMER: I have donated money and time to the Loraine for LA campaign and to Food and Water Action/Ground-Game LAs campaign to get this intelligent scientist on the LA City CouncilThe Granada Hills North, Granada Hills South, Northridge West, Northridge East, and Porter Ranch Neighborhood Councils sponsored a candidates forum held before a full audience at Granada Hills Charter High Schools Highlander Hall, that focused on mostly homelessness, but also brought up the issues of Aliso Canyon, public safety,The format, which highlighted questions mostly from the NCs, but with audience questions, submitted during the event, sprinkled in, didnt lent itself to a truly spontaneous town hall in which attendees can directly ask questions. A technical glitch (microphone not working) and a bit of confusion when it came to integrating both sets of questions led to much duplication of answers from the two candidates.When discussing why she was running, Dr. Lundquist explained, Ive committed my whole life to solving problems and helping others.

Her parents taught her she could do anything, which led to her working on her PhD in astrophysics to working as a fellow in Washington DC for the National Academy of Sciences. But when she became a mom, she took a major shift in her professional life from studying the starts to working to solve problems here on earth. She wants to make this world a better place for our children, including working on fighting climate change.

She stated that she is not a political but an average citizen and she knows what the community cares about, reducing corruption in government, addressing homelessness in a humane and comprehensive manner, and using this climate crisis to grow our economy and clean up our air. I am not satisfied with the status quo and the ways things have been it is time for a change. I want my children to grow up in a world that is great for their future.

Regarding the difference between Lee and herself, she explained, Many of us are tired of electing people who only have been in staff positions or working in government without having any real experience in the real world I have served as a scientist I have bene an educator and I have served managing complex projects like a science research satellite. She discussed how she had she served as a liaison to hundreds of scientists from all around the world with different cultures and different agendas and she had to make decisions balancing the agendas and individual desires with doing what was best for the project. She likened working on city council with working to balancing all the different needs of community members.

She mentioned she was a former member of the NENC, co-chairing its homelessness committee, aand was a founding member of the West Valley Alliance for Homelessness.As for Lundquists first action, she plans to introduce a motion to shut down Aliso Canyon. Second, to use the allocated money we have on the table that taxpayers are spending right now to solve homelessness. I want to make my home office a hub for service providers, services for the homelessness. Bring the service providers who are usually far away here, have them regularly in my office to get people housed and meet their needs to get off the street.As for her three top priorities, she listed restoring trust in government by ensuring corruption is rooted out and funding campaigns with people and not with dark money on special interests. She also said the city needs to provide the basic services: including paved street, sidewalks in good repair, and parks in good condition. She also is concerned about homelessness and acknowledged that people can be homeless for many different reasons, and need to be given the help they need. She also wants Los Angeles to lead on the clean energy economy of the future, which will bring great jobs to our district, great industries to our cities, and ensure a great future for our childrenIn Mr. Lees introduction, he said that CD-12 is unlike any other district in the city. Its the more common sense seat on the city council when it comes to tackling problemsHe was taught by his parents to be a part of this community as a volunteer. He mentioned his work for the YMCA. He also mentioned being on the board for the SFV Rescue Mission in Northridge.

He also mentioned that former (now interim) council person Gregg Smith had tasked him with founding a youth center at a problematic area of Northridge, and talked about the successes of that program.Im about community and always will be here.Lee said that from working in this community for so long, I believe I have the experience to not only understand how to run a ten billion dollar budget in the city, but the different needs of our community.

He mentioned that the different communities in CD-12 have some different needs from each other, and also different from the rest of the City.Then he said, I will hit the ground running on Day 1. I dont need time to learn where the copier or printer is? This statement led to one of the most negative and loudest reactions from the audience for the afternoon.

Lee said that upon taking office, he plans to bring every person off of homelessness. I have a direct plan to immediately bring every single person, every singled dept. that makes on penny off of homelessness being addressed in our city and ask them what they are doing with that money.

To him, the homelessness issue is about drugs and mental illnesses.Lee criticized Lundquist on how will her plans be funded. He then listed his top priorities as public safety, homelessness and shut down Aliso.

One anticipated question regarding the Aliso Canyon gas storage facility, which was the site of the largest blowout in US history in 2015.Lee said, No one understands the situation better more than my family. We were relocated for four months. He mentioned he was on the citizen advisory committee.

(NOTE: the name of the group he is referring to was known as the Porter Ranch Community Advisory Committee)He said that the problem is that the past governor (Jerry Brown) put a 10-year mandate to shut down the facility, but that there isnt any plan to do so. He added, This energy that we use just doesnt magically appear if we get rid of this site. We need to shut it down but in a responsible way.

He added that he would go up to Sacramento to fight for the closure.Lundquist said, I have already travelled to Sacramento three times as a member of the community, along with other members of the community to fight. We met (with Brown) to argue and that is why in fact he eventually said that he would shut it down within ten years, but ten years is not enough.

She added that This facility sits on top of an active earthquake fault, the Santa Susana Fault, which bisects each well. If there is a quake on that fault, we could get a blowout of all 114 wells. This is not a safe facility and you know what the crazy thing is, we dont actually need it.

She pointed out that taxpayers are paying $40 billion a year to keep it open. She said we have the pipeline capacity to transport the gas as Arizona and Nevada does, without having to store it. It is an abomination and needs to shut down.

She also brought up how frustrated she and many of her neighbors were when it came to the PR CAC, which had closed meetings, even though they were livestreamed. She said they were frustrated at how very little SoCalGas had to answer for, how our council office staff, and Mr. Lee himself, did not ask them or call on them to account ever. The people who were calling for an account were our neighborhood council members. . Our council district staff failed us.One major topic of concern is Public Safety, including funding for the LAPD.Lundquist said about this issue, One of the ways we can empower our LAPD officers to spend time doing what they are trained which is to fight crime. Right now they are spending a lot their time interacting with homeless people in various different ways. I want to make sure we are doing much more outreach and to work with people who are experiencing homelessness with people who are trained to do this, social workers. She said it makes more sense in having civilians do the civilian jobs.

She said she is in favor of fully funded police and better recruitment. We have a Recruitment problem right now as more people are retiring. But the youth programs that are successful, mostly go up to age 18 and they cant join the force until theyre 21 years of age.

She said theres a need to fund a program for those who fall into that age gap. And theres a need to recruit from all backgrounds and parts of the city. I want to improve our community policing to engage the community, she added.

I have also proposed a Package theft program that three other cities the same size as CD-12 in which police work together with private security camera companies and doorbell companies on a sting involving ring and other camera s found tremendous success, she added.Lee accused his opponent of being in favor with the status quo with the homeless situation. He said, We need more police officers. Lower response times. He said hes starting to work on a national recruiting plan, but we need to pay them more, so that trained officers arent recruited away by other law enforcement entities.

He mentioned that the Devonshire Division of the LAPD has the lowest crime rate, and attributes that to the community being involved. He mentioned how during the economic downtown, civilians were let go, and that they need to be rehired.He added that there is so much waste on programs, we need a different voice to speak and fight for our officers. Public safety should always be the number one priority.A major issue for the City of Los Angeles and CD-12 is the homeless crisis.Lee said, We need to provide safer places but they have to be not in my community. They dont need to be in our neighborhoods. Lee claims that he is the only one up there who has done something about the homelessness crisis, with his volunteer work for the San Fernando Valley Rescue Mission, ignoring the work Lundquist has done on the Northridge East Neighborhood Council and the Valley Alliance of Homelessness.(reporters note. According to past GO 77-M reports filed bySoCalGas, the SFV Rescue Mission received $20,000 in 2014, $5,000 in 2015, and $5,000 in 2016 from the gas company. In a docket in 2016, on 9/8/16 and again in February 2017, Wade Trimmer, who had been the pastor at the mission at the time, sent in written statement in support of reopening Aliso Canyon.)He said, The first thing we have to make it (housing) affordable, citing fees and regulations that he feels are the problem.Lundquist said, We need to provide safe places. Many parking lots in the district are not used at night. She said its important to provide security, bathrooms and sanitation, as well as a connection to services and jobs to help the homeless eventually be able to get back on their feet, afford housing and support themselves.She also questioned the reliance on one nonprofit that provides only ninety beds, when there is money available to help more people in need in this district.

She also mentioned that she has volunteered to help the homeless in many different ways. I have volunteered as a co-chair of my NC and we banded together with other NCs to connect to individuals with services they need. The SFV Rescue Mission is wonderful, she said, but we need government to play a role. She again brought up the money that has been allocated to the district to address the homeless issue, but hasnt been utilized. She gave examples of some of the ways this money could be used in connection to other sources of funding. She agreed with Lee that in major crises, such as earthquakes, we find ways to house people so Ive wondering why the council office hasnt done anything.

We know its belter to have people living indoors than on the streets, she said.Lee commented that he felt Lundquist was discounting his work at the SFV Rescue Mission.Lundquist countered that all volunteer time is important. But she added that the question they were to be addressing was about what a council member could do about the issue. She added that the mission doesnt service everybody. There are restrictions who can go there. If you have a substance abuse problem, then thats not an option for you. We need to make sure as city council members your city councilmember is using the office to address these problemsThe related topic of bridge housing was then brought up.Lee again stated that he was the only person on the stage who has worked on the issue. He said we to work with the community to know where to place it. I promise you its not a dictatorship, we need to work with the community, listen to your concerns and we need to build this on a place thats right.Lundquist pointed out that the CD-12 is the only district that doesnt have any bridge housing at all. Its the only district that doesnt have any plans for any bridge housing.

This is money we are paying as taxpayers for these programs. I will make sure that we implement these programs so that we have solutions to homelessness. Here in council district 12 I have identified a number of properties that are possibilities for not only supportive housing, but for also bridge housing. I want to make sure the involvement of the community in making these choices. So I just dont want to present you with just one or two options which it feels like the councilmembers has already made a decision.We all know its better to connect people to services like drug treatment services, better to get people back on their meds if their experiencing mental health problems we all know job placement services are better its better to help get people into jobs that they can actually fund their own housing we can come together as a community for solutions and make sure we spend this money effectively.

One topic discussed was the Sunshine Canyon Community Amenities Fund that was established in November 1996 to help compensate for the effects of the Sunshine Canyon Landfill on the neighborhood. Some of the grants given in the past, for example in 1998, included the Granada Theatre, the American Youth Soccer Organization Region 174, El Oro Way Elementary School, and Frost Middle School. These grants were given for specific projects. In early 2011, council person Gregg Smith borrowed money for these funds to pay for civilians working at the downtown detention center (but the advisory committee wasnt told of this loan before the vote).Lee said, This money was sitting in an account for years and years not being used. He decided to fight to get money donated to at least 25 different schools to help with their needs.

Lundquist said that the residents who were affected by Sunshine Canyon should get to decide how to spend these funds. It shouldnt be your councils office. If the community wants to spend it on the schools, then thats great.She then brought up that the funds havent been spent in the way that the community has asked. One of the things that was done with those funds is to fund a so called fact finding mission which was actually an international trip for staffers from the CD-12. She also mentioned the pool renovation at Petit Park in Granada Hills. That cost $9-million. She asked the audience if they have ever swum in a pool that cost that much.

She said, We need to be following the money. How our money was spent in our council district when my opponent was the chief of staff. Look at who has been paying him since he was chief of staff, who is funding his campaign right now.

When the moderator asked a follow up question about the advisory board for this fund, Lee said, As long as they are theres no timeline as to spending, and the money was spent on things that wasnt utilized for this community so Im happy to have that group as long as theyre truly spending this on the community.He then decided to rebut Lundquist on the comment she made, saying that Shes receiving $80,000 from a hedge fund manager in NYC who doesnt even know where CD 12 is, she talks about fossil fuels and is accepting them when companies like Sempra have donated to her super PAC. I have always been open.Lundquist countered, I have never and will never accept money from Sempra. I will not accept from fossil fuels companies (Lee interjected You have) I have not accepted this. Returning to the question about the advisory committee, she said she will commit to the advisory committee as the impacted residents should be the ones to decide what to do with the money.(Reporters Note: Lee misstated the donation that she received from Aaron Sosnick. It wasnt $80,000, but $800, which is the cap for an individual campaign contribution. There are no direct donations from Sempra or other fossil fuel concerns to Lundquist. In fact, she publicly signed a No Fossil Fuel pledge the next day that is being circulated by Climate Hawks Vote, a pledge signed by most of the current Democratic Presidential candidates. Regarding contributions up through June 29, Lees campaign has received contributions from Toll Brothers, Shapell and other development companies, some non-individual donors, as well as from donors outside of the district, and even from other states. Lundquists campaign also received contributions from outside the district and out of state. But a recent article in the LA Times has said Lee received a donation from Working Californians, a DWP-union based group, which received funding from fossil fuel concerns.

)Other issues discussed included street racing.About street racing, Lundquist noted that this problem has been mentioned by resididents she talked to while going door to door. She said there are specific locations that have this issue. She said that in some places, rumble strips can be used, while In other places, with the same people coming at the same time, preventative steps can be taken by having police officers show up at those times.Lee mentioned it was a problem near his home as theres wide open streets and straightaways. He said the answer is to allow police officers to be able to cite offenders as right now, theres no repercussions.

Another topic concerned the plan to move Los Angeles toward a net zero sustainable goal by 2030.Lundquist said yes, we should be moving to clean energy. It is absolutely imperative for our childrens future to make sure we stop burning fossil fuels that are impacting their future.

She pointed out that last year, there were 49 days considered unsafe in the Valley. We used to be improving for many years, but now the problem is worse due to climate change. Its actually cheaper to invest in clean energy than it is to keep were what we are doing now.

She also pointed out that its good that Los Angeles has dropped the plan to repower coastal gas plants, and instead spend the money on renewable clean energy. Sinking $2.2-billion into a plan that will soon be obsolete doesnt make sense for the future.When I was on the DWP advisory committee, thats the way to keep rates down when we actually make that shift to clean energy faster.

Lee said that the city has made changes, but it shouldnt be done at the cost of our economy or good paying jobsThese Elitists like to come up with a lot of these plans, but they dont take into the concern of how the working person is going to pay for these changes.He claimed that the report Lundquist referred had incorrect info about the savings. He said one of my volunteers talked to the ratepayer advocate who was telling us that information has not come out yet. The report she is referring to was done by Food &Water Watch that doesnt take into everything into account.Also discussed was ethics, especially about contributions from developers.Lee misheard the question and started talking about charities and how to be corrected by the moderator. But after that, said, If you want to restrict receiving payments from developers if you are working on a project you should not receive money from them. He mentioned that super PACS should be banned.Loraine said, Im in favor of banning payments from nonpersons, from developers. It is important to ban it for independent expenditures. Unfortunately the Supreme Court of the United States in Citizens United has said were not allowed to do that right now. But the moment we are, then we want to ban that as well. What Im also doing, Im not personally taking money from developers for my campaign. She added, I dont think we should have to wonder why a particular development is going in. Is it because of pay to play kind of politics? We do need to have transparency in our system right now. We know who is giving to whom. We know what money my opponent is taking. That hes taking money from folks connected to Toll Brother, and we know hes taking money from Shapell, we know hes talking money from Liberty Building Co. So the question is what are we going to do about it. The FBI is still investigation city council members for play to pay.Next, maintenance of existing parks was discussed, including the removal of graffiti.Lundquist said a main priority of city services should be maintaining the parks. She mentioned residents can report problems through the 311 app, but that theres no mechanism in place for finding out what happens to one request. So she wants to improve those communications.She also mentioned that people are sleeping in the parks, so services are needed to help these homeless.

Lee said theres a need to attack problems as soon as they happen.A related question concerned the utilization of Quimby funds.Lundquist suggested that this kind of funding should have been use to renovate the Petit park pool instead of the Sunshine money. She pointed out that the city controller had identified funding that hasnt been used since 2004. She said we need to fight for those funds to be used in this district. She added that there will be another source of funding for youth spots here because of the Olympics.

Lee suggested that these funds could be used to fund concerts in the CD-12 PARKS. He also mentioned preserving and renovating the Oakridge House that is off of Devonshire. He mentioned he was successful in bringing in funds for this project.

Lundquist mentioned that her neighborhood council helped fund the sign for the house. She would like to see a museum.The final topic concerned upzoning.Lundquist said theres a lot of misunderstanding when it comes to this subject. She said that transient hubs could be used such as Chatsworth Metro. She pointed out that as more housing becomes available, the cost of housing will be reduced. But now people are being priced out of this area.Lee pointed out that Nordhoff is one of the busiest streets in the Valley. He claimed that Lundquist is okay with high density housing. He then claimed that her volunteers are claiming hes in favor of this plan and that one former candidate Jay Beeber has endorsed her.Lundquist rebutted this and said her volunteers have been informed as to what endorsements she has received. She also pointed out she is in favor of studying all the options for this kind of project

·RELATED QUESTION

What would be needed for the Clean Water Act to be cancelled?

In theory, the Supreme Court (one branch: judicial) could cancel the Clean Water Act as unconstitutional. In practice, it is unlikely for it to do so at this point. That would have made more sense forty years ago when it was first being applied (the 1972 version, not the 1948 version). Clearly the act could be repealed by Congress and the President (two branches: legislative and executive). This is two separate things. The Patient Protection & Affordable Care Act (PPACA; popularly known as Obamacare) had provisions in it for waiving various parts of it. So Donald Trump (or whatever president) can use the discretion allowed in the original act to remove key pieces. For example, the individual mandate is within his discretion to remove enforcement. Some believe that removing the individual mandate will in and of itself send the law into a death spiral. In short, PPACA's interlocking nature where the individual mandate funds the subsidies given to the insurance companies in exchange for tighter regulation of approved plans makes it easier to corrupt. Without the mandate, many believe that the insured will get older and sicker. That would drive up plan costs, so fewer people will be able to afford care. The younger and healthier participants will be most likely to drop out, again making the remainder older and sicker. Keep repeating the cycle until no one remains. Other parts of PPACA are not subject to administrative discretion. For example, increased funding for Medicaid, subsidies for the exchange-based plans, and the federal exchanges themselves would all require some budgetary action by the legislative and executive branches. Since 1975, the president hasn't had an impoundment power that he could simply arbitrarily not pay for budgeted items. The Clean Water Act does not have a single mandate that dominates the whole law such that removing it will affect other, seemingly unrelated provisions. Trump might be able to use prosecutorial discretion to effectively cancel it, but he can't make it simply not work. He would have to actively ignore cases where the government would normally be expected to prosecute. Further, he would have to do so over the protest of the existing bureaucracy. Note that some of the act is enforced through cooperation with state regulatory personnel, who will not be subject to Trump's executive actions. The Clean Water Act lacks the same interlocking nature. What it does have is bureaucratic inertia and a long history of jurisprudence. It can't be pushed away with a single action. It might be nullified by sustained action. Note that all this assumes that Trump even wants to nullify the Clean Water Act. It would seem more likely that he simply wants to remove some of the more expensive regulations. At least that's what his rhetoric claims. While still frustrating to proponents, that's not the same existential threat as actually repealing it

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We will be extending analysis of future flood and drought projections to cities around the world, with a strong focus on cities in Asian deltas which face a combination of challenges as rivers become fragmented, starving them of flows and sediment. We will be working with our WWF Cities colleagues, to build upon their successful One Planet City Challenge to think through how we can support cities to enhance their water resilience.Lastly, we will be exploring ways to engage cities on Bankable Water Solutions and think through nature-based solutions, including Ramsar Wetland Cities, as part of our broader global efforts to use water as leverage (Chennai is one of the three cities involved in the Dutch-led Water as Leverage initiative) and scale up the level of engagement to match the level of the challenge.Chennai is another canary of what is to come. We must not ignore the fact that water challenges are here to stay, and that to solve them, we need to work together not only in urban areas, but in basins upstream to restore nature and dampen the cycles of extremes that harm too many. People and nature can ill afford for Day Zero to become the new norm.·RELATED QUESTIONWhat would be needed for the Clean Water Act to be cancelled?In theory, the Supreme Court (one branch: judicial) could cancel the Clean Water Act as unconstitutional. In practice, it is unlikely for it to do so at this point. That would have made more sense forty years ago when it was first being applied (the 1972 version, not the 1948 version). Clearly the act could be repealed by Congress and the President (two branches: legislative and executive). This is two separate things. The Patient Protection & Affordable Care Act (PPACA; popularly known as Obamacare) had provisions in it for waiving various parts of it. So Donald Trump (or whatever president) can use the discretion allowed in the original act to remove key pieces. For example, the individual mandate is within his discretion to remove enforcement. Some believe that removing the individual mandate will in and of itself send the law into a death spiral. In short, PPACA's interlocking nature where the individual mandate funds the subsidies given to the insurance companies in exchange for tighter regulation of approved plans makes it easier to corrupt. Without the mandate, many believe that the insured will get older and sicker. That would drive up plan costs, so fewer people will be able to afford care. The younger and healthier participants will be most likely to drop out, again making the remainder older and sicker. Keep repeating the cycle until no one remains. Other parts of PPACA are not subject to administrative discretion. For example, increased funding for Medicaid, subsidies for the exchange-based plans, and the federal exchanges themselves would all require some budgetary action by the legislative and executive branches. Since 1975, the president hasn't had an impoundment power that he could simply arbitrarily not pay for budgeted items. The Clean Water Act does not have a single mandate that dominates the whole law such that removing it will affect other, seemingly unrelated provisions. Trump might be able to use prosecutorial discretion to effectively cancel it, but he can't make it simply not work. He would have to actively ignore cases where the government would normally be expected to prosecute. Further, he would have to do so over the protest of the existing bureaucracy. Note that some of the act is enforced through cooperation with state regulatory personnel, who will not be subject to Trump's executive actions. The Clean Water Act lacks the same interlocking nature. What it does have is bureaucratic inertia and a long history of jurisprudence. It can't be pushed away with a single action. It might be nullified by sustained action. Note that all this assumes that Trump even wants to nullify the Clean Water Act. It would seem more likely that he simply wants to remove some of the more expensive regulations. At least that's what his rhetoric claims. While still frustrating to proponents, that's not the same existential threat as actually repealing it
Are There Any Negative Consequences to the Safe Drinking Water Act?
well the epa regulates what is considered a contaminate so if there is a contaminate not listed that could be a negative effect. however,Im certain the epa makes sure the water is safe by regulating the more hazradous / serious pollutants they can not monitor everything that goes into the water. Can they? :O1. Do Democrats violate the Clean Water Act?We get it - you do not like Ted Kennedy. Now stop asking asinine questions like this one.2. Is the Clean Water Act unconstitutional?With logic like that, you should be a connie3. how does water act in the absence of gravity?it holds its form. It's fun to see it in movies about the astronauts when they are weightless and blobs of water are floating around. Seems like it would be like eating jello4. What impacts has the 1974 clean water act made since?Clean Water Act does not have any provisions for atmosphere - that is Clean Air Act I believe. Under the Clean Water Act, there was a process established to evaluate water quality in rivers and streams and set standards or requirements for discharges to the navigable waters of the US. Discharges to waterways must meet the requirements, and the dischargers must have a permit. The standards are set to protect aquatic life, and take into account human health.5. The Clean Water Act of 1972?try books in the library6. If you jump off from a high altitude into a deep ocean or lake, does water act like a concrete when you hit?Water will always be more elastic than concrete. However, for someone jumping, a better question would be something like this. At what height must you jump into water so you will be killed, and at what height must you jump into concrete before you will be killed.7. how does water act as a buffer?may be milk acts as a buffer not water8. why is bush saying he is going to veto renewing the clean water act?he likes dirty water. Pigs like mud9. why are oil companies fracking for natural gas exempt from compliance with every clean water act?We are not ... You are a victim of the propaganda that "Big Oil" is bad; no worries you are not the only one. There are many reasons why this accusation holds some truth, however very little. One thing that we do not have to do is TELL you what we are putting into the ground because 1. Even if we gave you a list, you would not know what they are and 2. Its proprietary. The problem is that there are non-Petroleum Engineers trying to regulate real Petroleum Engineers. There is a reason why we are dubbed one of the hardest and highest paying engineering degrees out there.10. If you jump off from a high altitude into a deep ocean or lake, does water act like a concrete when you hit?It's all about momentum. Momentum is the product of an object's mass and its velocity at the moment of impact. As you are in free-fall, you are accelerating at 9.8m/s^2 so your velocity increases. Considering your mass stays the same (unless you plan on stuffing your face on your way down), your velocity is what determines the momentum. (momentum=v*m). Also, momentum can be explained as a product of a force and the time interval it is acted on (momentum=F*t). So since you only hit the water for a short time, the entire collision is made up of that force. (this explains why an egg breaks on concrete but not on sponge, because sponge increases the time of collision and therefore decreases the effect of the force given the value of momentum). So if you collide with ANY surface for a short time interval when you are about to apply such a great force as your body accelerating downward about to hit the water, it will feel hard enough that it wo not matter if it's concrete or not. Also remember m*v=momentum? The increased velocity increases the momentum, so the faster you are moving when you hit the water, the more you will feel it. So do these calculations: your m=(your mass in kilograms) initial velocity=0 (initially at rest) acceleration= 9.8 m/s^s (acceleration due to gravity) y=height of the bridge (find this yourself, it must be in metres) So take some time (if interested) and use these to solve time using the equations y=Vi*t(a*t^2)/2 a=(Vf-Vi)/t First use y=Vi*t(a*t^2)/2 Plug in y, Vi, and a to solve for t. After this, you know the time it takes to fall. Now use the time for the equation a=(Vf-Vi)/t to solve for Vf, the velocity upon hitting the water. Then multiply Vf by m (Vf*m) to get momentum. Now this collision will occur over a split second (right?) so this value of moment will closely equate to the force of impact. As you can see it is pretty high!
Top 5 Water Activities in the Smoky Mountains
On a vacation to the Smoky Mountains, the scenery can be enough to take your breath away and leave you dumbfounded at the sheer beauty of it all. For moments like that, when all thoughts escape, it's lucky that we've compiled a list of great water activities to partake in while in the Smoky Mountains for surefire good times. Now there's no need to only gawk at the majesty of nature when you can partake in its riches!1. Wild Bear Falls water park is a family friendly destination that promises a day of fun. This new addition to the Westgate Smoky Mountain Resort in Gatlinburg is available for year round fun because it is the South's largest indoor water park that boasts a great retractable roof! Parents and kids of all ages have plenty to do and see at this park, from wading pools to slides, rides, and even a tree house. 2. Fishing! A day or two at the Great Smoky Mountain National Park will have you up to the gills in fishing fun. Have a great time catching brown, brook, and rainbow trout in the streams of the Smoky Mountains after deciding if fly fishing or angler fishing sounds more your speed. Beside the roads, along walking trails, streams are plentiful and full of fish waiting to be a delightful souvenir of a good time in the Smokies.3. Swimming is always a relaxing way to enjoy the waters of the Smoky Mountain region. Cool down with the family and splash around in crisp waters as you visit the area. 4. Canoeing/rafting is a great idea for those who'd like to venture the streams in an adventurous way. Traveling the white water rapids in this way can lead to an exhilarating trip that is unlikely to be forgotten! Tubing is also available for rental in many shops. 5. Why not rent a houseboat for your trip to the Smoky Mountains? This floating home away from home is a thrilling way to enjoy the area's riches. Be immersed in nature as you float languidly on a lake, surrounded by idyllic nature, green forestation, beautiful waters, and quirky animals. When in Gatlinburg, Appalachia, or any of the other areas of the Smoky Mountains, it's easy to get swept away in the astonishing beauty that nature has blessed the region with. With so many options for water fun, it'll be any wonder if you spend any of the trip dry! Perhaps only for some of that southern home-style cooking should you part with the water. Have a great trip and catch some good fish. Learn more about fun activities in the Smokies at our website: PatriotGetaways.com just click through to the blog.
How Can Congress Revise the Clean Water Act of 1972 to Help Lake Erie?
Revision is unnecessary. Application an enforcement is what is a problem when it comes to agricultual land and operations. Slowly but surely EPA has been tightening up the applicability of the CWA, or broadening its application, whichever floats your boat. Point sources were the easiest to regulate in the beginning, and still are, but now further reductions will require farmers and animal operations to become regulated more strictly. Best management practices will be a large part of the enforcement effort in coming years1. Trumpu2019s EPA is set to roll back Obamau2019s clean water act that regulates releases of pollutants into the waters of the US. Trumpu2019s changes to the rule could result in more pollution and put people at risk. Do you agree with this change?NO. This is just trump being jealous of what Obama did, and trying to destroy it2. Why does carbon dioxide dissolved in water act as a buffer?Think of a buffer as a chemical sponge for acid or base. pH is determined by how much FREE acid vs. FREE base you have floating around. A buffer will suck up free acid or base, thus preventing them from influencing the pH-in this way the acid or base are neutralized. CO2 in body fluids is in equilibrium with the bicarbonate buffer system, which is the most important general buffer system in the body: CO2 H2O H2CO3 HCO3- H Note the arrows go to the left as well as the right. This means that the direction of the reaction totally depends on how much of any one component is around--when there's more stuff on the right, the reaction tends to go to the left, and vice versa. When carbon dioxide increases, it is converted to carbonic acid (H2CO3) which dissociates to produce bicarbonate anion (HCO3-) and hydrogen ion (H, i.e. free acid). However, normally there's a lot more bicarbonate around than there is carbon dioxide, so any free acid is going to be sucked up, like a sponge sucking up water-keep in mind that with a sponge, the water does not go away, it's still there, but it's not sloshing around-it's "confined." Similarly, the hydrogen ion is sucked up by bicarbonate anion, so that it is not floating around free-and since pH is determined by the FREE hydrogen ion, and not that which is bound up in carbonic acid, the pH wo not change. And here is now where things get really cool: because the whole system is in equilibrium, the carbonic acid then dissociates back into carbon dioxide and water, and the CO2 is then gotten rid of by breathing it out via the lungs.3. Which president signed the Clean Air and Clean Water Act?In early 1970, as a result of hrightened public concerns about the deteriorating city air, natural areas littered with debris and urban water supply contaminated with dangerous impurities, President Richard Nixon presented the House and Senate groundbreaking 32 print message on the environment. Around the same time, Pres. Nixon also created a council in point to consider how to organize the Federal government program designed to reduce pollution so this program could efficiently address the goals laid out in hid message on the environment.Upon council recommendation, the president sent to Congress plan to consolidate many environmental responsibilities of the federal government under one agency, a new Environmental Protection Agency.4. Drugs in tap water = act of bio-terrorism?nah, it's from people ingesting the drugs and not absorbing them completely and then peeing them out. also from people flusing old pillz and stuff5. Other than the Clean Water Act, what has congress done for the environment?What do you want congress to do...Ban breathing (we exhale CO2)? Breathing accounts for about 90% of daily CO2 emissions. CO2 is required for life on this planet. Trees love the stuff. Carbon Dioxide is what we all breathe out. Carbon Monoxide is the bad stuff. And its no surprise that politicians want to tax the stuff we all breathe out - that's government for you.6. Give two ways of expressing the formula for water. Does water act as an acid or a base? Explain.?depends on the ph of the water. now go read your book
This Week in Wizard Activism: Announcing Our Second GLA19 Keynote Speaker!
Happy Saturday everyone! Lets dive in to This Week in Wizard Activism!Little Miss Flint to Speak at GLA19!We were thrilled to announce this week that Mari Copeny, also known as Little Miss Flint, will be a keynote speaker at GLA 2019! Mari is an 11-year-old activist fighting for the children of Flint, Michigan. In 2016, Mari wrote a letter to President Obama and convinced him to come to Flint to get a closer look at the Flint Water Crisis. Since 2016, Mari has fundraised over $350,000 that has impacted over 25,000 children in Flint and beyond.Early Bird registration ends November 20th and we are 60% sold out! Get your tickets to the worlds only magical retreat for activists and leaders today!Dumbledores Army Fights Back!Weve got a few very important and exciting announcements!!!In addition to many historic firsts, the midterm elections was also an enormous victory for #StopTheSnatchers. Wizard activists in the U.S., Australia, and New Zealand made over 7,000 calls to remind Oregon voters to vote no on ballot measure 105, a measure that would have repealed the states 30 year sanctuary laws and would have helped ICE tear more immigrant families apart. Thanks to the efforts activists on the ground (including HPAs Portland Chapter, PDXpelliarmus!) and of wizard activists on the phones, Oregon sent a strong message: immigrants are welcome here and we will always be stronger together!Additionally, dozens of wizard activists downloaded and completed our Marauders Map to the Polls for election day! Heres an example from Lisa with this very cool pic.Staffer of the Week!Our staffer this week is Jessica Rozycki! Currently, Jessica is a proud Hufflepuff living in NYC. Shes our LGBTQ researcher, social media queue club member, and also helps with general DMCC needs. Our anonymous nominator states, Jessica is such a beautiful person, inside and out! She fights for justice here at The HPA and in her daily living. Shes so honest, genuine, passionate, and kind, which truly makes her the Leslie Knope of our time.Heres more about her!What social justice causes are you most passionate about?Justice for LGBTQ folks and communities of color, gender equity, mental health, and education/safe schoolsWhat was the first social justice action you took part in?I participated in the Day of Silence when I was in high school. At the time, I took part as an ally (I didnt really discover my queerness until college) but it really opened my eyes and made me realize how privileged I was, and from then on I knew I wanted to do something about it.Fave HP book and why? (or favorite book of all time)I fell in love with Chamber of Secrets for the mystery. And then fell in love with Half Blood Prince for the backstory. My all time favorite book is Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe..and typing this out I just realized my two fave books have secrets in the title. WHAT DOES IT MEAN?Last show you binge watched?Im not very good at binge watching because I dont have the attention span. But right now I am casually watching Schitts Creek.Favorite class youve ever taken in school?Fun fact: I made my own major in college, so in building my own curriculum, I got to take A BUNCH of really cool classes! Ill pick my top three: LGBTQ literature for obvious reasons, but specifically because its where I was introduced to James Baldwin. The Politics of Abortion taught me so much about the complexity of the conversation on abortion policy. Lastly, I took a class that was considered the hardest course offered at my school called The HIV/AIDS Epidemic. It was an upper level science class that taught about the virus so that part was SUPER challenging, but then later on we added social aspects to our discussions. I loved how first learning from a scientific perspective made the discussions about social aspects THAT much more fascinating and intricate. WOW, that was a long answer. I guess I should also mention that I have very strong Ravenclaw tendencies okay byyyyeeeee!!!A Little Bit of LumosFrom our HPA Chapters, weve got a lot of exciting news from our Chapters around the world! For instance, The Deluminators chapter in Sydney, Australia raised $1,800 at Oz Comic Con to help families suffering from a drought. How amazing is that!In LGBTQ world, Alaska elected their first two transgender women into office! Theyre in different roles, but theyre definitely both making history.Join the team!Interested in volunteering or know someone who could be? Have a passion for Harry Potter and social justice? Why not join our amazing volunteer family! Whatever your strengths may be, were certain to have a place for you here at The HP Alliance. Check out our Volunteer page for more information and position openings!.·RELATED QUESTIONWhat would be needed for the Clean Water Act to be cancelled?In theory, the Supreme Court (one branch: judicial) could cancel the Clean Water Act as unconstitutional. In practice, it is unlikely for it to do so at this point. That would have made more sense forty years ago when it was first being applied (the 1972 version, not the 1948 version). Clearly the act could be repealed by Congress and the President (two branches: legislative and executive). This is two separate things. The Patient Protection & Affordable Care Act (PPACA; popularly known as Obamacare) had provisions in it for waiving various parts of it. So Donald Trump (or whatever president) can use the discretion allowed in the original act to remove key pieces. For example, the individual mandate is within his discretion to remove enforcement. Some believe that removing the individual mandate will in and of itself send the law into a death spiral. In short, PPACA's interlocking nature where the individual mandate funds the subsidies given to the insurance companies in exchange for tighter regulation of approved plans makes it easier to corrupt. Without the mandate, many believe that the insured will get older and sicker. That would drive up plan costs, so fewer people will be able to afford care. The younger and healthier participants will be most likely to drop out, again making the remainder older and sicker. Keep repeating the cycle until no one remains. Other parts of PPACA are not subject to administrative discretion. For example, increased funding for Medicaid, subsidies for the exchange-based plans, and the federal exchanges themselves would all require some budgetary action by the legislative and executive branches. Since 1975, the president hasn't had an impoundment power that he could simply arbitrarily not pay for budgeted items. The Clean Water Act does not have a single mandate that dominates the whole law such that removing it will affect other, seemingly unrelated provisions. Trump might be able to use prosecutorial discretion to effectively cancel it, but he can't make it simply not work. He would have to actively ignore cases where the government would normally be expected to prosecute. Further, he would have to do so over the protest of the existing bureaucracy. Note that some of the act is enforced through cooperation with state regulatory personnel, who will not be subject to Trump's executive actions. The Clean Water Act lacks the same interlocking nature. What it does have is bureaucratic inertia and a long history of jurisprudence. It can't be pushed away with a single action. It might be nullified by sustained action. Note that all this assumes that Trump even wants to nullify the Clean Water Act. It would seem more likely that he simply wants to remove some of the more expensive regulations. At least that's what his rhetoric claims. While still frustrating to proponents, that's not the same existential threat as actually repealing it
How One Simple Choice Every Morning Impacts My Day
Its 10pm.. Im standing naked in the middle of the road, about to pour a five-gallon bucket full of ice cold spring water over my head. Its dark but the moon shines bright. Strangely I clearly see the road and the trough where the water pours out. If a car approaches Ill be able to spot the headlights at least half a mile away, and Ill have time to cover up appropriately. Its not exactly warm outside.. the chilly night air has crept in after a hot summers day. THATS ITEnough thinking about it.. Its gotta be done.. LIFT the bucket.. OVER THE HEAD.. RELEASE! OMG.. THATS COLD!! But wait.. a strange sensation.. a warmth spreads through my body and overtakes my senses Weird.. Comforting OKAY, Lets do it again!I know that memory from my childhood seems crazy. I mean.. what? I was standing naked where? How did that work out? I will explain the situation a little better below. But firstLast WeekMy family and I went to the beach for an annual vacation trip that we love to take. This year in particular has been a rough one, fairly productive, and there have been some wins. But at the end of the day, my wife and I were slowly slipping through the cracks, procrastinating on home projects, waking up late, tired, sore, and just getting behind on EVERYTHING in our daily life.We needed a break. I needed that salty ocean air blowing in my face and hair. I needed time to think, time to talk to my wife, and a little personal conneciton. I hadnt taken much time to read, to write, to really reconnect with myself at all. And I needed to relax and reset some things.I came across a masterful post from an author that Ive really gotten so much from over the years: Benjamin P. Hardy:This Morning Routine Will Make You UnstoppableLose an hour in the morning, and you will spend all day looking for it. Richard Whatelymedium.comIn this piece the author suggests that the ultimate way to make the most of your day is to master your evening routine, which then prepares and propels you into mastering your morning routine. He suggests that you wake up at 5am, immediately hydrate with 20oz of water, and then take a 5 minute cold shower! Ive seen him recommend the cold shower before in several other posts. My wife and I discussed this and decided to give it a try this week.This WeekMonday morning, I stumbled out of bed (closer to 5:30 ugh), drank the 20oz of water, then attempted the cold shower routine. It was a shock to the system for sure! My wife and I both did it (at separate times)! And we both laughed at each others ridiculous noises trying to withstand the dicey cold water slamming the skin.When I got out it was a relief.. but not from drying with a towel. My bodys reaction was pretty amazing:A warmth pours over your body like you wouldnt believe when you do this. Its comforting, focused, and you cant help but produce a relaxed smile.My mind raced for a second. I suddenly remembered the childhood experience of pouring cold water over myself at a place called Bee Spring. I remember the comfort that creeps through your body after shocking it with a cold water shower. The feeling is calming, yet you feel so alive and so in-tune with your senses. Its quite amazing.I decided that the cold shower was going to be a part of my morning routine every morning! It wakes you up, it comforts you, and it reminds you that youre about to OWN THE MORNING. You suddenly have unbridled energy as you collect your thoughts around what your goals are for the day, and you think about what you want to attack first!Suddenly the bed doesnt seem like its pulling you back. Im a bed-maker anyway, so I make the bed, clean up, get dressed, and start making plans to get downstairs and start the day. Its been a great experience. You should try this Its crazy, but Im telling you, it works!ScienceAn excerpt from Tony Robbins website explains what is chemically happening in the body with cold water immersion:The lymphatic system is a network of vessels that run throughout the body, helping take away waste, bacteria and microbes from your cells, essentially cleansing your body. Unlike your blood, which is constantly pumped through your body by the heart, your lymph fluid doesnt have a central pump. Instead, your lymphatic system relies on muscle contraction to pump the lymph fluid through the vessels. So if you dont exercise or your lymphatic system itself becomes slow or inefficient, the fluid stagnates and toxins build up, manifesting in colds, joint pain, infection and, in more serious instances, disease.Cold water immersion causes your lymph vessels to contract, forcing your lymphatic system to pump lymph fluids throughout your body, flushing the waste out of the area. This then triggers the immune systems white blood cells to attack and destroy any unwanted substance in the fluid. In a way, its sort of a domino effect the cold water affects the lymphatic system, which in turn affects the immune system, which ultimately keeps you feeling happy and healthy.I find this fascinating, and when I read about ice-bucket challenges (viral videos from a few years ago) or I read about increasing productivity by taking cold showers, I am reminded of this experience from my childhood, and specifically how I felt after a cold crazy shower out in the street at the Bee Spring trough.Details of the naked in the street pouring cold water memory:My family has owned a piece of property in south central Tennessee for several generations. When I was young I only knew the area by the way the family referred to it as The Farm. At one time long ago, it was a working farm with livestock, crops, and over 300 acres of land.For me when I was very young it was this magical place WAY back in the woods away from everything. It seemed like it took days to even reach the foot of the driveway, and once there, it took another hour just to drive down the long unpaved gravel road (the driveway) to get to the house and communal area.In reality, although longer than normal, the driveway is about a miles length. Because of the way the property is positioned, after you travel from a close nearby town, you have to make several turns, slightly out of the way around the bend if you will, in order to get to the driveways entrance.I say all of that to say that when you are a little kid, all of that turning, winding up the hills, turning onto another gravel road (the driveway), and then continuing another mile back into deeper wooded areas, just to finally get to the clearing to see the house that youll be staying in, makes The Farm feel like you are far away from EVERYTHING.I wanted to describe this area to you because my childhood experience might seem a little crazy. At least youll know we were out in the middle of nowhere, and its a fairly private area.Just down the road from the driveways entrance is what used to be a small community called Bee Spring. Its still called this, but its not really a community. Theres an old church across the street from a cemetery and the cemeterys sign claims the community (or area) to be founded in 1815.Here are my pictures from Bee Spring that I took in 2007:An actual spring thats a water source comes down from the hills behind the church. Long ago, maybe 100 or so years ago, someone piped the water down to a central spot and let it flow freely into a trough. I assume that the trough was there in order to allow horses to get a drink when visitors or members of this area congregated, but Ive actually never been told the real story of why its there.You can see the trough in the picture above on the right. In 2018 its still there, although the sides are heavily broken down now and deteriorated. In 2007 there was a bit of a drought, so the trough in this picture is not producing much water.At night, this Bee Spring area is completely dark, and hauntingly silent. Youd think it would be a bit scary in the dark in front of an old church and across from the graveyard, but even as a child I remember it just being calm, and the moon lit the landscape in a way that Id never experienced, especially because I was growing up in a more populated city.My family would get together a few times a year, and we would all stay at the farm house a couple of days and nights. Wed spend our days hiking around the property, wading through creeks, star-gazing in the fields at night, and just enjoying one centralized place to be together on a vacation away from daily life.My uncle and his sons (my cousins) had a bathing ritual that seemed so crazy, but eventually I fell right into the fold and joined them: They would leave the farm house at around 910pm, late enough for it to be completely dark outside, and drive down the long driveway, eventually turning and making their way down to the Bee Spring area. Upon arrival everyone would grab buckets, soap, towels and thus the ritual would begin.They would take huge five-gallon buckets of the cold spring water flowing into the trough and then douse themselves and each other with it. It was insane to get hit with that cold water while standing out in the street naked in the chilly night air. It was a test: Could you get out there and get a full bucket of ice cold water poured over you and be able take it?It was exhilarating, and totally nuts. Most of my family thought we were completely insane for going down there to do that. What if someone sees you? Arent you going to be too cold? How can you stand to douse yourself with ice water? What if a car comes? The questions always poured in. I just laughed and went and did it. I didnt care. This was just this weird thing that I was a part of. It was fun to tell people that we did it.But I did learn something. And in my adulthood Im reminded of what I learned so long ago. The feeling that you get.. the reaction of your lymphatic system pouring warm fluid through your body underneath your skin. Its incredible.Then years.. and I mean.. lots of years later.. here I am telling you about how a cold water shower will improve your morning routine! Its funny how the wheel of life comes back around every now and then to remind you of things.So you should try it!Im serious.. First off, read Benjamin P. Hardys article that I referenced above if you want to really take advantage of your mornings. Its literally one of his best pieces in my opinion. Ive read a lot of advice from him over the years, but this article is deep and goes into so much of the WHY behind the methods that he lays out.Second, thanks for reading my posts. I have been pretty busy all summer and had to take a little hiatus from writing on this platform to get some other things straight in my life. But then again, my morning routine was awful, and my day to day productivity was suffering. So hopefully this will be a nice return to form and I can get some solid writing done over the next few weeks/months.Lastly, Ive started a weekly newsletter! The BlairOutLoud Weekly Shout was launched in July and Ive got about 4 issues out so far! I speak of my experiences and feature Medium stories, I promote my musical endeavors coming up each week, I highlight inspiring music that Ive been listening to, promote my latest YouTube offerings, and so much more! Come say Hi!Thanks for reading. If you enjoyed this article heres a few more:Ill Never Be In A Cover Band..And Other Lies Ive Told Myself Over The Yearsmedium.com10 Better Uses Of Your Time In Lieu Of Wasting 10 Minutes Arguing On FacebookDoes it really do you any good? Have you convinced anyone of anything? What could you have done to better your lifemedium.comDont Pass Up The Opportunity To Thank Your Biggest Influencers In LifeMy piano teacher was a huge influence in my life. Ive lost touch but I want to tell her so much.medium.comby Tom BlairPublished by eCom Tips Publication and Keywebco Network·RELATED QUESTIONWhat would be needed for the Clean Water Act to be cancelled?In theory, the Supreme Court (one branch: judicial) could cancel the Clean Water Act as unconstitutional. In practice, it is unlikely for it to do so at this point. That would have made more sense forty years ago when it was first being applied (the 1972 version, not the 1948 version). Clearly the act could be repealed by Congress and the President (two branches: legislative and executive). This is two separate things. The Patient Protection & Affordable Care Act (PPACA; popularly known as Obamacare) had provisions in it for waiving various parts of it. So Donald Trump (or whatever president) can use the discretion allowed in the original act to remove key pieces. For example, the individual mandate is within his discretion to remove enforcement. Some believe that removing the individual mandate will in and of itself send the law into a death spiral. In short, PPACA's interlocking nature where the individual mandate funds the subsidies given to the insurance companies in exchange for tighter regulation of approved plans makes it easier to corrupt. Without the mandate, many believe that the insured will get older and sicker. That would drive up plan costs, so fewer people will be able to afford care. The younger and healthier participants will be most likely to drop out, again making the remainder older and sicker. Keep repeating the cycle until no one remains. Other parts of PPACA are not subject to administrative discretion. For example, increased funding for Medicaid, subsidies for the exchange-based plans, and the federal exchanges themselves would all require some budgetary action by the legislative and executive branches. Since 1975, the president hasn't had an impoundment power that he could simply arbitrarily not pay for budgeted items. The Clean Water Act does not have a single mandate that dominates the whole law such that removing it will affect other, seemingly unrelated provisions. Trump might be able to use prosecutorial discretion to effectively cancel it, but he can't make it simply not work. He would have to actively ignore cases where the government would normally be expected to prosecute. Further, he would have to do so over the protest of the existing bureaucracy. Note that some of the act is enforced through cooperation with state regulatory personnel, who will not be subject to Trump's executive actions. The Clean Water Act lacks the same interlocking nature. What it does have is bureaucratic inertia and a long history of jurisprudence. It can't be pushed away with a single action. It might be nullified by sustained action. Note that all this assumes that Trump even wants to nullify the Clean Water Act. It would seem more likely that he simply wants to remove some of the more expensive regulations. At least that's what his rhetoric claims. While still frustrating to proponents, that's not the same existential threat as actually repealing it
Toilet Is Not a Dirty Word
Oyungerel Tsedevdamba is a human rights activist from Mongolia, who leads an NGO that provides sanitation solutions for local communities. Her aim is to change the taboo around toilets.I love to break taboos. Thats my hobby!Oyungerel Tsedevdamba is a human rights activist who has been breaking taboos to promote human rights in her native Mongolia. Since 2015, the former member of parliament and author has championed better sanitation as a means for improving the lives of Mongolians. The best way to do this, she said, is to tackle the taboo surrounding the word toilet.The word toilet is a very prejudiced word, Tsedevdamba said. In legal papers, advertisements, and in every day conversation, the word toilet doesnt come out, until we ran a nationwide campaign.Tsedevdamba created am NGO called Local Solutions which has a two-pronged approach for changing attitudes and improving sanitation. First is to de-stigmatise the word toilet. The second was to educate people across Mongolia on toilet and toilet technologies.Clean water and sanitation are indispensable to sustain development, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet told an audience during an event to commemorate World Water Day. A report released this week by UN Water looking at the state of water and sanitation worldwide, shows that access to safe sources are still out of reach for much of the global population.The fact that billions of people still lack safe water and sanitation is not merely a development emergency, its a human rights failure, she said.Better toilets better livesIn Mongolia, Tsedevdamba believes that access to safe and reliable sanitation is a matter of life and death and not just from disease. Each year poorly designed toilets, claim the lives of children and the elderly. The toilets amount to outdoor huts, with deeply dug trenches with planks of wood balanced precariously above them.For example, during particularly bad flooding in the western part of Mongolia in 2016, Tsedevdamba learned that at least five children died from drowning in pit toilets. These deaths, she said were under-reported. She found out that police do not keep records of such deaths, labeling them simply as drownings because families will not report them because of the shame associated with toilets, she said.After hearing these death stories, I thought I wished to change (physical) toilets as soon as possible so that we can save one childs life, Tsedevdamba said.Part of breaking the toilet taboo has been getting people to talk about toilets. Tsedevdamba and her team did this through trainings in local areas, as well as publishing a book on toilets. There was even a photo campaign (based on a book she wrote called Lets Change Our Toilets) which had Tsedevdamba and others pictured in modern toilets while wearing the latest fashions by Mongolian designers.She also helped produce a manual of types of toilets that could be constructed in different settings across the country. The NGO has also been working on ways to help communities and individuals to improve, import and adapt, finance and build their own better toilets.In the beginning, people were actually disgusted by what we were talking about, Tsedevdamba said. But the more we talked about it freely and in many good examples, the less became the prejudice. Soon people started seeing toilets in a very different way.Human rights no longer secretTsedevdamba grew up at a time when Mongolian society was communist and there was no understanding of human rights. She learned about human rights when she was in her 20s after receiving a secret document: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). She read that everyone had freedom of expression, the right to worship, and more. She decided everyone needed to know this and helped spread the word of human rights by talking about the UDHR to Mongolian nomadic herders in her native Khuvsgul province in 1990s.I should spread these words as far as possible, to as many people as possible so that everybody has their own immunity to protect their own rights in the future, she said.The UDHR helped fuel her own sharp sense of justice and standing up for the disenfranchised. She defended the rights of many people while leading a human rights watchdog Liberty Center in 2000s. Her passion for human rights made her a novelist, a public speaker and a member of the Mongolian parliament. Now she advocates for sanitation, water and clean air.I realize there are few people who can do what I do because they have many other worries and fears, she said. It does require some freedom and courage from me, but I can afford it thanks to the readers of my books and my familys and teams support.You can watch a short video of Tsedevdamba and her work here·RELATED QUESTIONHow does a drop of water act like a magnifying glass?The water drop has a curvature surface and such a surface deflect light. The deflected light then converges at a focal length. This is what a magnifying lense do too
Can Donald Trump Really Undermine the Clean Water Act? Ecosystem Marketplace
In 2006, US Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia tried to overturn centuries of precedent by whipping out his Second Edition of Websters New International Dictionary and latching on to a definition of waters that he found there.In so doing, he concluded that the federal government of the United States could only protect streams, . . . oceans, rivers, and lakes, but not the bulk of the wetland systems that fed them.It was a limitation a that excluded 98 percent of continental US waterways, and if followed it would mean that anyone could dig up wetlands (which he dismissed as puddles), dredge them, or fill them without regard for downstream consequences which is exactly what people used to do before President Nixon signed the Clean Water Act in 1973.Scalias opinion lay dormant for over a decade, but the Trump Administration plans to adopt it this week, effectively undermining the Clean Water Act without having to repeal it.How is such action possible?Critics argue that it isnt, and the decision is sure to face court challenges under something called the Administrative Procedures Act. Thats what happened last year, in the first chapter of this saga, which we have been covering almost from the start.To understand this weeks move, we suggest you dive into our five-part series, Waters of the United States, and the two episodes of the Bionic Planet podcast related to it.The Bionic Planet PodcastBionic Planet is available on all podcatchers, including RadioPublic, iTunes, Stitcher, and on this device here:The SeriesI covered the saga as it unfolded, and that coverage became a highly-cited history of the Clean Water Rule. You can find it here:Why Are 11 US States Suing The EPA And Army Corps Over Water Quality?In early 2018, the state of New York filed suit against the US Environmental Protection Agency and the Army Corps of Engineers to block the Trump administrations suspension of guidance on clean water. In this three-part series, we examine the convoluted history of water regulation in the United StatesWetlands In The Clean Water ActCongress passed the Clean Water Act in 1972, but it was slowly amended and refined. By 2000, the Army Corps of Engineers and the Environmental Protection Agency had settled on clear definitions of what constitutes waters of the United States. Not everyone, however, agreed with them.The Rapanos DecisionIn 2006, Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia jettisoned two centuries of legal precedent to redefine Waters of the United States as only being rivers, streams, and lakes. Its a definition that left 98 percent of the countrys waters unprotected by federal federal agencies, but was largely ignored until Donald Trump ordered the EPA to make it the law of the land.Writing The New RuleThe Trump administration wants to repeal and replace a rule for defining which waterways are and are not protected by the Clean Water Act, and environmentalists say Trumps proposal would leave 80 percent of all US waters unprotected. In this fourth installment of a five-part series, we see how the EPA and Army Corps of Engineers forged the current rule over four arduous years.With Pruitt And Kennedy Gone, What Happens To The Clean Water Rule?US Environmental Protection Agency boss Scott Pruitt is gone, replaced by an oil industry lobbyist named Andrew Wheeler. Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy will soon be gone as well to be replaced, no doubt, by someone less environmentally conscious. Heres why thats bad news for US waterways.Originally published at·RELATED QUESTIONWhat would be needed for the Clean Water Act to be cancelled?In theory, the Supreme Court (one branch: judicial) could cancel the Clean Water Act as unconstitutional. In practice, it is unlikely for it to do so at this point. That would have made more sense forty years ago when it was first being applied (the 1972 version, not the 1948 version). Clearly the act could be repealed by Congress and the President (two branches: legislative and executive). This is two separate things. The Patient Protection & Affordable Care Act (PPACA; popularly known as Obamacare) had provisions in it for waiving various parts of it. So Donald Trump (or whatever president) can use the discretion allowed in the original act to remove key pieces. For example, the individual mandate is within his discretion to remove enforcement. Some believe that removing the individual mandate will in and of itself send the law into a death spiral. In short, PPACA's interlocking nature where the individual mandate funds the subsidies given to the insurance companies in exchange for tighter regulation of approved plans makes it easier to corrupt. Without the mandate, many believe that the insured will get older and sicker. That would drive up plan costs, so fewer people will be able to afford care. The younger and healthier participants will be most likely to drop out, again making the remainder older and sicker. Keep repeating the cycle until no one remains. Other parts of PPACA are not subject to administrative discretion. For example, increased funding for Medicaid, subsidies for the exchange-based plans, and the federal exchanges themselves would all require some budgetary action by the legislative and executive branches. Since 1975, the president hasn't had an impoundment power that he could simply arbitrarily not pay for budgeted items. The Clean Water Act does not have a single mandate that dominates the whole law such that removing it will affect other, seemingly unrelated provisions. Trump might be able to use prosecutorial discretion to effectively cancel it, but he can't make it simply not work. He would have to actively ignore cases where the government would normally be expected to prosecute. Further, he would have to do so over the protest of the existing bureaucracy. Note that some of the act is enforced through cooperation with state regulatory personnel, who will not be subject to Trump's executive actions. The Clean Water Act lacks the same interlocking nature. What it does have is bureaucratic inertia and a long history of jurisprudence. It can't be pushed away with a single action. It might be nullified by sustained action. Note that all this assumes that Trump even wants to nullify the Clean Water Act. It would seem more likely that he simply wants to remove some of the more expensive regulations. At least that's what his rhetoric claims. While still frustrating to proponents, that's not the same existential threat as actually repealing it
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