7 Habits of Psychologically Sophisticated People

Sophistication in any area of life is no guarantee of happiness or success. But it usually helps:Intellectual sophistication doesnt guarantee academic success, a steady income, or a satisfying career. But it sure helps.

Knowing how to study well, for example, makes it a lot easier to get through school with good grades. Social sophistication doesnt guarantee a happy marriage, genuine friendships, or healthy working relationships. But is sure helps.

Being able to pick up on subtle social cues, for example, makes it a lot easier to be compassionate and helpful to the people in your life.In this article, I make the case that psychological sophistication follows a similar pattern: Becoming more psychologically sophisticated is no guarantee of emotional wellbeing. But it sure helps.

When you understand how your mind works with greater sophistication, it becomes much easier to manage difficult moods and emotions in a healthy way. And if you can do that, success and happiness often are not far behind.What follows are 7 habits of psychologically sophisticated people.

While we all have inherited strengths and weakness, its my experience that these habits are learnable and improvable with study and practice.They think about their thinkingPsychologically sophisticated people are curious about their own minds and how they work. They routinely think about their thoughts and thinking patterns.

In technical terms, this is called meta-cognition. It means you are aware of the fact that youre thinking things and able to assess the quality and usefulness of that thinking.For example, psychologically unsophisticated people often say things like: I just got so worried and I couldnt stop thinking of all the bad things that might happen.

And before I knew it, I was in the middle of a panic attack.In reality, worry is something you do, not something that happens to you. Its a habitual pattern of thinking that leads to tremendous anxiety and stress.

But without the habit of thinking about your thinking, it feels something that just happens to you.On the other hand, if you have the habit of thinking about your thinking, youd notice that worry is actually an activity and something we do. And as a result, its something we can, with practice, not do or at least not do nearly so much of.

When youre curious about your thoughts, its a lot easier to work with them instead of fighting against them.Who looks outside, dreams; who looks inside, awakes. Carl JungTheyre compassionate with themselves when they make mistakesPsychologically sophisticated people are able to be compassionate with themselves when they fail or make mistakes rather than beating themselves up.

Self-compassion just means that you treat yourself like you would treat a good friend.If a good friend, for example, failed an exam or bombed a job interview and was really disappointed, you probably would not say something like:God, whats wrong with you? I told you you should have prepared longer.

Youre probably just not cut out for this. If youre a good friend, youd probably say something more like this:I can see youre really disappointed in yourself. It must be hard, especially since you put so much work into preparing.

But I think youll bounce back and get it next time. Obviously, this is just a better way to treat people. So why not treat yourself like that too?

Finally, know that self-compassion is not some new-age, woo-woo positive self-talk thing. Its not fundamentally about being nice to yourself. Its about being honest and realistic.

If you made a mistake and feel bad about it, theres a very good chance youll improve the next time and be fine in the long run. Ignoring that possibility by blasting yourself with judgmental negative self-talk is just as dishonest as puffing yourself up with overly positive nonsense.When you make mistakes, be compassionate and treat yourself like you would treat a good friend with honesty and support.

Youve been criticising yourself for years and it hasnt worked. Try approving of yourself and see what happens. Louise HayTheyre skeptical of their own thoughtsPsychological sophisticated people understand that their thoughts are not always to be trusted.

For one thing, thoughts dont always mean something. Many thoughts are simply random. But its dangerous to over interpret them and start acting as if theyre always significant.

All sorts of weird thoughts pop into mind while we dream, but we dont make major decision based on them. It shouldnt be any different in waking life.Just because its a thought doesnt mean its important.

Another reason to be skeptical of your thoughts is that thoughts can easily become habitual. If you grew up with abusive, violent parents, you might understandably develop a habit of thinking through the worst-case scenario on your way home from school. But once youre 35 years old and more in control of your life, this habit of immediately thinking the worst might not be either realistic or helpful.

Just because a thought is the first to show up doesnt mean its more legitimate than any other thought. Of course, often thoughts are important and meaningful. Lets say you have a thought that you dont remember closing the garage door after leaving for work.

So you turn around, go back home, and realize you did in fact leave the garage door open. In this case, your thought was very helpful.You can avoid a lot of unhappiness, both for yourself and other people in your life, by cultivating a healthy skepticism of your own thoughts.

If a thought doesnt match up with reality, theres nothing wrong with simply disregarding it. At a childs birth, if a mother could ask a fairy godmother to endow it with the most useful gift, that gift would be curiosity. Eleanor RooseveltThey accept their emotionsPsychologically sophisticated people understand that they cant directly control their emotions.

For example, no modern legal system Ive ever heard of punishes people for feeling angry. Instead, you only get punished or convicted if you act on your anger and become aggressive in some way. The reason is, you cant be morally accountable for something you cant control.

You cant simply tun down your anger any more than you can turn down your sadness or turn up your happiness. Rather, we can only influence our emotions indirectly, via how we choose to think and behave.A major implication of all this is that it doesnt make any sense to try and control your emotions, judge yourself for them, or expect them to be anything other than exactly what they are.

Instead, the most realistic approach to any kind of emotion including painful ones is to be validating and accepting of them:When you feel anxious, instead of trying not to appear anxious to other people around you, start be reminding yourself that it makes sense that you feel this anxious given the situation and the amount of stress youve been under. When you feel sad upon remembering a recently deceased loved one, remind yourself that its entirely natural and normal to feel sad when we recall people and things weve loved and lost. Its called grief and its perfectly normal.

When you feel angry at your kids for not listening, remind yourself that anger is a normal response to injustice on any scale. So feeling angry makes sense, even if you aspire not to act on it.Accepting your emotions means being clear-eyed and realistic about the true nature of emotions.

They are not good or bad, dangerous or healthy. They simply are. If you struggle frequently with difficult emotions, begin by acknowledging that your emotions arent good or bad and that you cant control them directly.

If you do this first, youll find it far easier to move on from difficult emotions in a way thats productive and healthy.The moment we cry in a film is not when things are sad but when they turn out to be more beautiful than we expected them to be. Alain de BottonThey take responsibility for their actionsPsychologically sophisticated people take responsibility for the things that really are under their control their actions.

Importantly, taking responsibility is not a mere intellectual exercise. Most people understand on a conceptual level that they are responsible for their actions. What differentiates psychologically sophisticated people is that they know that mere understanding isnt enough.

They know that they must remind themselves of it regularly and practice the skill of taking responsibility.For example, many people struggle with lateness. Theyre chronically showing up late to events, submitting work late, and generally just being sluggish about the things theyve committed to.

Now, most of these people would acknowledge that they should take responsibility for being on time. But they dont actually do anything differently. Psychologically sophisticated people know that understanding is necessary but not sufficient for genuine change.

On the other hand, a person with more psychological sophistication would acknowledge that they need to create a plan to incentivize themself do be on time. If theyre showing up late for work, they might set a recurring alarm in their phone, or prep for their day the evening before, or commit to carpooling so they were forced to be onetime through social accountability. In other words, psychologically sophisticated people know that understanding is necessary but not sufficient for genuine change.

They know that to be truly responsible for our actions, we need to take practical steps to facilitate them.Instead of relying on willpower, luck, or good intentions, they take responsibility not just for the outcome they wish to achieve, but to building the process they need to get there. Most people do not really want freedom, because freedom involves responsibility, and most people are frightened of responsibility.

Sigmund FreudThey know the difference between desires and valuesPsychologically sophisticated people are crystal clear about the difference between short-term whims and desires and long-term values and goals.In may ways, the fundamental struggle we all face is that we have Stone Age brains in a modern world. For example, our brains crave simple sugars and carbs.

And while these would have been rare and valuable in hunter gather days, they lead us to overeating, obesity, and all the health problems the stem from an abundance of widely available, inexpensive, and wonderfully tasty treats in modern life.Our desire pulls us one way and our values pull another. And more often than not, our desires win.

Of course, it is possible to resist the pull of unhelpful short term desires like craving unhealthy food, risky sexual impulses, or gambling. But a basic prerequisite is that we stay mindful of the cost of indulging these desires:Sure, more sugar taste good, but Type II Diabetes makes life a real struggle. Sex is fun.

STDs not so much. Gambling is exciting, until you turn out of money and cant pay your mortgage.The real problem is not that we have short-term desires, its that we forget about our long-term values.

Which means the trick to navigating life in a way that leads to genuine happiness and success comes down to keeping our values and highest aspirations front and center:Its easier to resist that second bowl of ice-cream when you imagine how important it is that you have enough energy to wrestle and play tag with your kids. Its easier to say no to a risky sexual encounter when you remind yourself of the type of love and connection you really crave.Its easier to save your money and invest it wisely instead of blowing it on cheap thrills when youre regularly reminding yourself of that lake house youre going to buy and enjoy in 10 years.

Of course, getting clear about your values and reminding yourself of them doesnt make resisting unhelpful desirers easy. Its always a struggle, often with many complicating factors.But if youre going to have a fighting chance, you need the positive force of your highest values and aspirations to help you stay the course.

Make time to regularly consider and remind yourself of whats most important to you and youre far less likely to get distracted by things that arent. The price of getting what you want, is getting what you once wanted. Neil GaimanThey ask for help when they need itPsychologically sophisticated people are humble enough to accept that they dont know it all and cant control everything.

Notice that I didnt say theyre humble enough to understand that they dont know it all and cant control everything. Of course we all understand intellectually that were not omniscient and omnipotent. The problem is, it feels good to believe that we have more certainty and control than we really do, especially in the face of difficult challenges.

For example, suppose your 19-year-old child is worrying you with their drug use. Conceptually, you understand that there isnt a lot you can do directly to change him. Youve tried talking, pleading, begging even for him to stop, but he continues.

In fact, youve tried everything you know to do and youre at your wits end. It feels good to believe that we have more certainty and control than we really do.Now, you may know intellectually that there really isnt anything else you can do alone.

And that maybe its time to get some help just for yourself if nothing else. Maybe seeing a counselor or therapist to help you cope with this tough situation. Trouble is, doing so would mean really facing up to and acknowledging that youre largely helpless in this situation.

Your son is an adult and responsible for his own life. But the more you worry about what might happen to him, the more afraid you get (and perhaps guilty you feel for perceived mistakes you made in the past with him). And so you try, yet again, to convince him to change because, ever so briefly, this gives you hope and a sense of control that you can make the right thing happen.

In one way or another, we all have areas of our lives where the emotionally mature thing to do is own up to our lack of control and seek help. But this requires the humility and courage to tolerate our helplessness and fear because, even though its hard, we know deep down its the right thing to do.Life is often messy, chaotic, and uncertain, but denial always catches up to you eventually.

Embrace uncertainty with humility.There is nothing noble in being superior to your fellow man; true nobility is being superior to your former self. Ernest HemingwayAll you need to knowCultivating greater psychological sophistication wont guarantee you happiness or success, but it sure can help:Practice thinking about your thinking.

Be compassionate with your mistakes.Cultivate a healthy skepticism of your thoughts.Learn to accept your emotions.

Take responsibility for your actions.Distinguish desires from values.Have the humility to ask for help when you need it.

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LogLevel warn CustomLog $APACHE_LOG_DIR/access.log combined My "/etc/apache2/ports.conf" # If you just change the port or add more ports here, you will likely also # have to change the VirtualHost statement in # /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default # This is also true if you have upgraded from before 2.2.9-3 (i.e. from # Debian etch). See /usr/share/doc/apache2.2-common/NEWS.Debian.gz and # README.Debian.gz NameVirtualHost *:80 Listen 80 # If you add NameVirtualHost *:443 here, you will also have to change # the VirtualHost statement in /etc/apache2/sites-available/default-ssl # to # Server Name Indication for SSL named virtual hosts is currently not # supported by MSIE on Windows XP. Listen 443 Listen 443 Result of sudo /usr/sbin/apache2ctl -S VirtualHost configuration: wildcard NameVirtualHosts and _default_ servers: *:80 is a NameVirtualHost default server firstwebsite.com (/etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default:1) port 80 namevhost firstwebsite.com (/etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default:1) port 80 namevhost secondwebsite.com (/etc/apache2/sites-enabled/com.secondwebsite.conf:1) Syntax OK
Viscosity of Ideal Gas From Dimensional Analysis
Your intuition is wrong on this. Consider one-dimensional steady flow, say in the $x$-direction, with a velocity gradient in the $y$-direction. Thus the particles at a given level have average velocity $$barmathbf u(u(y), 0, 0)^T,$$ and fluctuating velocities $$mathbf u'(u', v', w')^T.$$ Let's consider particles that at time $t_0$ are located at $(x,y_0)^T$, which have velocities $mathbf u(u_0u', v', w')^T.$ These particles will, on average, travel a distance of the mean free path length $l$ at that velocity, before hitting other particles. The particles will thus have migrated to a different $y$ position, where the average particle velocity will be $$barmathbf u(y)(u(y_0)(y-y_0)fracpartial upartial y, 0, 0)^T.$$ Notice that the average difference in the $x$-component of the velocity of such particles will therefore be proportional to the mean free path $l$ times an integral $I$ over the distribution of $v'$ and $w'$ velocities which does not matter here: We have $y-y_0I,l$. The mean velocity difference for such particles is therefore just $barDelta uI,l,(partial u/partial y)$.Since the mean velocity is assumed to stay constant, such particles will have their velocity adjusted to the one at their new $y$-position. Viscous forces correspond to the work required to achieve this. These forces must therefore be proportional to the velocity gradient times the mean free path length.P.S.: Also see the derivation in the Wikipedia article on viscositySummaryFrom dimensional analysis I find that the dynamic viscosity of an ideal gas must depend on its pressure $p$, density $rho$ and mean molecular free path $l$ in this way:$$mu C sqrtrho p l.quad$$Here, $Cgeq0$ is a non-dimensional constant.However, I find it counter intuitive that the dynamic viscosity, the 'internal friction', of the fluid increases with an increasing mean free path. My intuition tells me that the internal friction is low if the molecules are widely separated.Have I missed some quantity that should enter the expression?Has my derivation failed in some other way?Is my intuitive picture wrong?The derivationIn an ideal gas, molecules are interacting only through ellastic collisions. The equation of state is:$$p rho R T. quad (1)$$The variables and their units are:$p$: Pressure [kg/(m s$^2$)]$rho$: Density [kg/(m$^3$)]$R$: Specific gas constant [m$^2$/(s$^2$ K)]$T$: Temperature [K]In general, these are field variables, so $p p(mathbfx,t)$, $rho rho(mathbfx,t)$ and $T T(mathbfx,t)$. In fluid dynamics, a common assumption is that each infinitesimally small volume is in thermodynamic equilibrium, so that (1) holds at every point in the fluid. I make this assumption. I also assume that the fluid is 'Newtonian', so that the viscous stress tensor is proportional to the rate of strain. The constant of proportionality is the dynamic viscosity, $mu$, whose unit is [kg/(m s)].The dynamic viscosity is a 'material property'; it is independent of the motion of the fluid. In general, it is varying over space, so that $mu mu(mathbfx,t)$. It's value is a property of the material and depends on its thermodynamic state.It seems impossible to find how $mu$ depends on the thermodynamic state from (1). Pressure has 'almost' the correct units, but I need to multiply the pressure by some time scale $tau$ [s]. This time scale must depend on the microscopic properties of the material, and the only way I find it possible to construct it is by using the $l$ [m] the mean free path of the molecules in the fluid. The time scale contructed is:$$tau sqrtfracrhop l.quad (2)$$Using (2) I find that the dynamic viscosity must depend on $p$, $rho$ and $l$ in this way:$$mu C sqrtrho p l,quad (3)$$where $Cgeq0$ is a non-dimensional constant.·OTHER ANSWER:SummaryFrom dimensional analysis I find that the dynamic viscosity of an ideal gas must depend on its pressure $p$, density $rho$ and mean molecular free path $l$ in this way:$$mu C sqrtrho p l.quad$$Here, $Cgeq0$ is a non-dimensional constant.However, I find it counter intuitive that the dynamic viscosity, the 'internal friction', of the fluid increases with an increasing mean free path. My intuition tells me that the internal friction is low if the molecules are widely separated.Have I missed some quantity that should enter the expression?Has my derivation failed in some other way?Is my intuitive picture wrong?The derivationIn an ideal gas, molecules are interacting only through ellastic collisions. The equation of state is:$$p rho R T. quad (1)$$The variables and their units are:$p$: Pressure [kg/(m s$^2$)]$rho$: Density [kg/(m$^3$)]$R$: Specific gas constant [m$^2$/(s$^2$ K)]$T$: Temperature [K]In general, these are field variables, so $p p(mathbfx,t)$, $rho rho(mathbfx,t)$ and $T T(mathbfx,t)$. In fluid dynamics, a common assumption is that each infinitesimally small volume is in thermodynamic equilibrium, so that (1) holds at every point in the fluid. I make this assumption. I also assume that the fluid is 'Newtonian', so that the viscous stress tensor is proportional to the rate of strain. The constant of proportionality is the dynamic viscosity, $mu$, whose unit is [kg/(m s)].The dynamic viscosity is a 'material property'; it is independent of the motion of the fluid. In general, it is varying over space, so that $mu mu(mathbfx,t)$. It's value is a property of the material and depends on its thermodynamic state.It seems impossible to find how $mu$ depends on the thermodynamic state from (1). Pressure has 'almost' the correct units, but I need to multiply the pressure by some time scale $tau$ [s]. This time scale must depend on the microscopic properties of the material, and the only way I find it possible to construct it is by using the $l$ [m] the mean free path of the molecules in the fluid. The time scale contructed is:$$tau sqrtfracrhop l.quad (2)$$Using (2) I find that the dynamic viscosity must depend on $p$, $rho$ and $l$ in this way:$$mu C sqrtrho p l,quad (3)$$where $Cgeq0$ is a non-dimensional constant.
70's/80's Sci-fi TV Movie with People Exploring an Island and Being Attacked by an Extremely Large M
I think the movie is the 1977 USA/Japanese co-production The Last Dinosaur. Rankin and Bass (of Rudolph, The Red Nosed Reindeer fame) financed it. Your description of the ship matches well the Polar-Borer that takes the explorers through the Earth's crust to a prehistoric land in the Artic. Did the ship look like the one in the pictures below? The dinosaur does attack their ship at the beach and carries it away in its mouth, stranding them on the island.The Last Dinosaur is a color movie. The effects are very much in the Toho style. The T-Rex is a very unconvincing man-in-a-suit. That is why you may associate the dinosaur with Godzilla. The movie never played in movie theaters in the states. I remember watching it repeatedly on network and local television in the late '70's and early '80's. It has a largely American cast, so the lead actors speak their own lines without dubbing.Richard Boone stars as an oil tycoon (and big game hunter) who finances a scientific expedition to explore a recently discovered prehistoric land at the North Pole. A very active volcano has kept the area a tropical paradise for millennia and it is inhabited by prehistoric creatures and cave people. Both attack the expedition. Boone becomes increasingly more savage and threatens the other team members. All he wants to do is hunt and kill the last T-Rex on Earth, while the others want to recover their ship and escape. Joan Van Arc (from television's Knots Landing) plays the lead scientist.The original, un-edited cut of the movie has been released on DVD. I found two good reviews of those DVDs here and hereThe movie has a group of people who either were exploring an island or another mysterious continent. At a point in the movie, I think their ship was damaged or was thrown around by either an extremely large monster/dinosaur (or maybe even Godzilla?) I think this scene happened on land or right by water. I remember that the ship was not that fancy. I don't think that it had the look of a submarine. It almost just looked like a silver tube. Almost like a cylinder. Maybe with a cone at one end. The ship may have just have sides dented. I don't think it was destroyed and the people may have still been able to escape in the ship.I would say that the movie was made between 1950 through the 1960's. I saw it on TV in the 70's or 80's. I remember it being in color but it could have been a black and white movie with a certain hue to it to make me think it was color.
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